Introduction: ReactJS vs React Native
React Native and React JS are two of the most popular front-end frameworks used for building user interfaces and mobile applications. While React Native is used for developing cross-platform native mobile apps, React JS is primarily used for developing web applications and web pages.
In this article, we will compare React Native vs React JS and analyse which one has gained more popularity in 2023 based on various factors like adoption rate, job opportunities, community support etc. Let’s get started:
Difference between React Native and React JS
The key difference between React Native and React JS lies in their usage and capabilities.
So, in summary:
- React Native is used for building native mobile apps for iOS and Android using React.
- React JS is used for building web applications, web pages and complex web UIs using React.
- React Native supports both iOS and Android platforms but React JS only supports web platforms.
React Native Mobile app development.
Let’s now look at some key aspects of React Native Mobile app development:
- Cross-Platform Development: With React Native, developers can write code once and deploy their apps to both iOS and Android platforms. This significantly reduces development time and costs compared to developing separate native apps.
- Pre-Built UI Components: React Native provides many pre-built UI components like Text, Image, Scroll View etc that resemble their iOS and Android counterparts. This simplifies app design and development.
- Simplified Debugging: React Native apps can be debugged directly on the mobile device using built-in devtools or third-party tools like React Native Debugger. This makes debugging easier compared to native mobile development.
- Community Support: React Native has a huge community and ecosystem of third-party libraries and tools. This makes it easier to find solutions and support.
- Hybrid Approach: React Native combines the write-once-deploy-anywhere capability of react native web development with the deep integration of true native apps. This hybrid approach is appealing to many developers and businesses.
So, in summary, React Native enables building high-performance cross-platform mobile apps using a familiar web-based approach and skills while delivering a native experience.
React vs React Native: Advantages
Advantages of React Native web development
While React is primarily used for building mobile apps, it is also possible to build web applications using React Native. This is done using the React Native Web project. Some key points about React Native Web development:
- Shared Codebase: Developers can share significant codebases between the mobile and web versions of their applications by building them with React Native. This reduces development effort and maintenance costs.
- Native Feel on the Web: React Native components render natively on the web as well, providing the same look and feel as their mobile counterparts. This enhances user experience.
- Performance: Since React Native compiles to native code, the web apps built with it can match the performance of regular web apps built with React JS.
- Cross Browser Support: React Native Web supports the latest browsers including Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge etc out of the box. It is optimised to work seamlessly across browsers.
- Integration with Web APIs: React Native Web seamlessly integrates with various web APIs and services like routing, storage, payments etc without needing platform-specific code.
- Debugging Tools: Developers can debug React Native Web apps using the same devtools as mobile as React DevTools, React Native Debugger etc.
So in summary, React Native Web enables building feature-rich web applications with a shared codebase as mobile while delivering a native-like experience on the web.
Advantages of React for Web Development
- Reusable Components: React allows you to create reusable UI components, making it easier to maintain and scale web applications.
- Virtual DOM: React’s Virtual DOM efficiently updates only the parts of the actual DOM that have changed, resulting in better performance and a smoother user experience.
- Large Ecosystem: React has a vast ecosystem of libraries and tools, such as Redux for state management and React Router for routing, which simplifies web development.
- Strong Community: React boasts a strong community of developers and resources, providing support and solutions for common challenges in web development.
- SEO-Friendly: React can be rendered on the server side, making it more SEO-friendly than some other single-page application frameworks.
React Js vs React Native: Drawbacks
React Native Drawbacks:
- Maturity: As a relatively new framework, the React Native ecosystem is less mature than React JS.
- Debugging: Debugging React Native apps on actual devices can be challenging compared to the web.
- Native Components: Accessing native device features like a camera requires extra code wrapping.
- Updates: Updating React Native apps requires recompilation that impacts the development cycle.
React JS Drawbacks:
- Multiple Platforms: Developing for different browsers requires extra testing due to inconsistencies.
- No Native Feel: As a library for the web, React JS apps may lack the authentic native feel of apps built with React Native.
- Size: Large React JS apps bundled for production can be heavyweight for mobile devices.
- Skills: Developing responsive interfaces across devices requires advanced skills with React JS.
- Native Features: React JS has no access to native mobile features like camera, location etc.
So, in summary, while React Native makes development cross-platform, its ecosystem is less mature than React JS. React JS on the other hand lacks access to native features for mobile-first experiences. The right choice depends on the project’s needs.
React Native vs React JS: Adoption and Popularity
Let’s now analyse the adoption and popularity of React Native vs React JS in 2023 based on various metrics:
- Job Opportunities: According to job sites like Indeed and LinkedIn, there are currently more job openings for React Native developers compared to React JS. This indicates higher demand.
- GitHub Stars: GitHub Stars rating between react native vs React JS is The React Native repository on GitHub has more than 130k stars while the React JS repository has over 200k stars. Both are very popular but React Native is catching up fast.
- npm Downloads: In the last 30 days, the React Native library had more than 50 million downloads on npm compared to 30 million for the React JS library. This shows increasing usage.
- Google Trends Interest: Google Trends data shows that search interest for “React Native” has surpassed “React JS” globally in 2023. Interest is rising rapidly for React Native.
- Survey Results: Developer surveys from StateOfJS, Stack Overflow, and others have found react native vs react js being React Native gaining popularity faster than React JS in recent years.
- New Projects: Analysis of new open source and commercial projects shows React Native being used more for new mobile apps while React JS still dominates the web.
- Community Size: ReactJS vs React Native subreddit and forums have grown significantly in the past year indicating growing community and interest.
So, in summary, while React JS still has an edge in overall adoption due to its early start, between ReactJS vs React Native, React Native has emerged as the clear winner in terms of rising popularity, momentum, and future prospects in 2023 based on various metrics. Its usage is growing rapidly both for new as well as existing mobile projects.
React Native vs React JS: Which is better?
Now that we have analysed the key differences and popularity trends of React Native and React JS, let’s summarise which one may be a better choice based on requirements:
- For Building Mobile Apps: React Native is undoubtedly a much better choice than React JS for developing cross-platform native mobile applications. It allows building truly native mobile apps using React.
- For Complex Web UIs: React JS remains the go-to choice for building complex single-page web applications, portals and web UIs that require a lot of interactivity and frequent updates.
- For Performance-Critical Apps: React Native may have a slight edge for most performance-critical mobile apps due to closer integration with native platform capabilities.
- For Startups & SMBs: React Native is appealing for startups and SMBs looking to build both mobile and web presence as it allows sharing a significant codebase between platforms.
- For Large Enterprises: Enterprises with a large codebase may prefer continuing investment in React JS for the web while choosing React Native for new mobile projects.
- For New Projects: React Native is a safer choice for most new projects in 2023 and beyond given its rising momentum and future prospects compared to React JS.
- For Experienced Developers: Developers already familiar with React will have an easier learning curve with but React Native skills are in higher demand.
So, in summary, for new projects – especially mobile-first projects, React Native has emerged as a clear winner in 2023 given its rising popularity and multi-platform capabilities. However, React JS remains relevant for complex web UIs and applications with large existing codebases. The choice depends on individual project requirements and skills.
What should I Learn React Native or React JS?
In conclusion, both React Native and React JS are extremely powerful and popular front-end frameworks. React Native Framework has seen phenomenal growth in adoption over the past few years and is fast catching up to React JS.
While React JS will continue dominating web development given its large existing user base, React Native has established itself as the leading choice for building high-quality cross-platform native mobile applications. Its hybrid approach appeals to both businesses and developers.
React Native’s rising momentum, multi-platform support, and ability to share significant code between mobile and web make it a safer choice for most new projects being started in 2023 especially those with mobile as the primary focus. Its community is also growing at a rapid pace.
However, React JS still has an edge for complex web UIs and applications with large existing codebases. It also offers more customization options for the web.
In the end, the choice depends on individual project requirements, existing skills, and the long-term technology vision of organisations. Both React Native and React JS will continue co-existing with their own strong use cases.