Types of Construction Drawings

46 Major Types of Construction Drawings Used in Building Construction

Construction drawings are used for a wide variety of reasons and applications in construction and architectural projects and activities.

What is a construction drawing?

It is a graphical representation of what will be built, how it will be laid out, the components, framework, and dimensions. There is a construction drawing highlighting the details of every aspect of a construction project.

Construction Drawings including each of its subtypes are helpful to different groups of workforce assigned with doing or overlooking the various tasks that make up a construction project.

How are construction drawings made?

Rarely are construction plans drawn by hand anymore. They are either sketched and rendered using computer-aided drafting such as computer-aided design (CAD) software. And in recent times, Building Information Modeling (BIM) software has made it easy to render and visualize in detail the virtual construction models (VCM).

To know more about BIM services, budgeting, and how they can benefit your project, reach out to us at Monarch Innovation for all queries, assistance, and collaborations.

Top 46 most common types of Construction drawings use regularly in construction industries.

Architectural Drawings

Architectural Drawings are drawing work that is used in building drawings to depict the dimensions, depth, and layout of the actual building, prior to beginning the construction. Architectural Drawings act as a blueprint construction, drawn to scale, to help the engineers visualize the project.

Various types of Architectural Drawings commonly used are:

1. Block Plan

This drawing gives a layout of the site or the buildings in the surrounding area, laid out on a map drawn to scale.

  • It gives a firsthand idea of the roads, boundaries and other such details that are necessary to understand where your construction site lies.
  • It helps the person dealing with your construction plan or project request to understand what and where you are proposing it and help you out with it too.
  • Block plans are made in relation to Ordnance Survey Maps and the recommended scales used are 1:2500, 1:1250 or 1:500.

    Block Plan Construction Drawing

2. Foundation plan 

Not to be mistaken for just the ground or basement floor plan. Foundation Plans are drawing work to render any of the floors of the building being constructed. They help visualize the dimension, size, shape, height and configuration of rooms/stairs/landings with each other.

Foundation Plan Construction Drawing
Foundation Plan

3. Floor plans

In-depth rendering of the layout of the rooms for each floor. It describes in 2D the orientation of rooms and components to each other. Floor plans may or may not be utilized in commercial or non-commercial building projects, but it is necessarily still made as part of the drawing work.


floor plan designed building drawing
Floor plan designed building drawing

4. Sectional Drawings

These are drawings that depict a part or whole of the framework in sliced form. It helps understand the measurements of various building components with each other, the materials used in the construction of those components, the height, depth, and hollowness, etc.

Sectional Drawing
Sectional Drawing

5. Elevation Drawings 

These architectural drawings offer an aesthetic overview of the various components of the building such as columns, windows, and doorframes. It also helps understand the relative surface, internal markings, and relative height of these different components to each other.

Typical elevations drawing
Elevations Drawing https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/

6. Site Plan 

A site plan is a detailed drawing that shows the entire construction site with property boundaries, existing structures, proposed new building locations, site grading/topography, and other site features like landscaping, parking areas, utilities, etc.

Typical Site Plan
Typical Site Plan https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/

7. Isometric Drawing

An isometric drawing is a type of 3D parallel projection used to represent objects pictorially. It shows three sides of an object with the vertical lines projecting at a 30-degree angle and the horizontal lines projecting at a 30-degree angle.

8. Axonometric Drawings

Axonometric drawings are types of 3D parallel projections that show an object in an oblique/angled view. They include isometric, dimetric, and trimetric drawings depending on the exact angle used for the horizontal and vertical lines.

9. Presentation Drawings

Presentation drawings are highly detailed renderings or 3D models used to communicate and visualize the design intent for clients, stakeholders, and approving authorities. They showcase the appearance, materials, and aesthetic qualities of the project.

10. Survey Drawings

Survey drawings represent the existing conditions on a construction site based on detailed field survey data. They show site topography, boundaries, existing structures, underground utilities, and other existing features crucial for planning new construction.

11. Location Drawings

Location drawings are used to indicate the specific position or location of building components, systems like HVAC ducts, plumbing pipes, electrical conduits, etc. within the overall construction. They help avoid conflicts during installation.

12. Assembly Drawings 

Assembly drawings illustrate in detail how different components and materials fit together during construction. They provide crucial information on the sequence, connections, and relationships between various building parts to guide proper assembly.

Assembly drawing
Assembly Drawing https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/

13. Parametric Drawing

A parametric drawing is created using parametric modeling software that allows the drawing views to automatically update when design parameters like dimensions or specifications are changed. This ensures consistent, coordinated drawings across all sheets.

14. Design Drawing

Design drawings are conceptual drawings that architects create early in the design process to explore, develop, and communicate design ideas and concepts to clients before moving to more detailed stages. They convey the building’s overall form, massing, and character.

15. Reflected Ceiling Plan

A reflected ceiling plan is a drawing that shows the layout of the ceiling as if it’s viewed from above by someone standing in the room looking upwards. It depicts ceiling-mounted elements like light fixtures, diffusers, speakers, etc.

16. Record / As-built Drawings

Record drawings, also called as-built drawings, are the final set of drawings updated to incorporate all the construction changes, modifications, and as-built conditions from the actual construction process. They document the constructed project accurately.

House floor plan featuring kitchen and living room. As-built Drawings
As-built Drawings https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/

Structural Drawings

Structural Drawings also serve as civil engineering drawings. They are useful in understanding the physical nitty-gritty of a building framework. They act as a structural design guide for the workers and on-site engineers. Common types of structural drawings are:

17. General Note

An overview of all the codes, procedures, and abbreviations, etc required to give a comprehensive guide to getting to work on the construction site. This includes concrete mix, details for other structural drawings, lengths and construction types of each component, etc.

18. Excavation Drawing

This civil engineering drawing describes the dimensions and positions for the excavation process prior to the actual building work. It covers details like tunneling, shafts, removal of soil, grid plans, etc. required to start the groundwork.

19. Column Layouts

These structural drawings include the layouts of the way columns will be laid out. It makes it easier for contractors to plan the layout of the building and start the process by identifying the position and distance between columns across the floor.

20. Beam Layouts

It includes all the beam-like structures, such as the ones supporting the roof and the windows, or the beams used for strengthening purposes. They are designed for each floor and cover the length, height, material, etc.

21. Roof slab layouts

this civil engineering drawing describes the exact dimensions of all the slabs required for roofs or slants. It can be designed over AutoCAD software as it requires precision and data.

22. Section Plan

A section plan is a drawing that shows a cross-sectional vertical or horizontal view through the building by cutting through it. Section plans clarify the internal construction, framing and relationships between different structural elements.

23. Detail Drawings

Detail drawings are large-scale drawings focused on specific construction details and connections between different structural components. They provide in-depth, magnified information crucial for installation and assembly by showing reinforcements, fasteners, dimensions, etc.

25. Component Drawing

Component drawings focus on providing comprehensive details and dimensions of individual structural elements like beams, columns, footings, etc. They serve as a reference for manufacturing, fabrication, or on-site construction of these components.

Typical Component Drawing
Component Drawing https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/

26. Column Layout

A column layout plan indicates the locations of all structural columns in the building along with the column gridlines and dimensions. It helps ensure proper positioning and installation of columns during construction.

27. Plinth Beam Layout

The plinth beam layout plan shows the layout, positions and dimensions of all plinth beams or grade beams that will be constructed below and support the load-bearing walls at the foundation level.

28. Lintel Beam Layout

A lintel beam layout plan depicts the locations, sizes and geometry of all lintel beams provided over wall openings like doors, windows, etc. to transfer loads across those openings safely.

29. Roof Beam Layout / Shuttering

The roof beam layout plan shows the framing layout for supporting the roof structure with dimensions for beam sizes and spacing. The shuttering layout indicates formwork patterns/positioning for concrete roofs.

30. Framing Plan

A framing plan is a structural drawing that illustrates all the load bearing, framed elements in the building like floors, walls, and roofs. It clarifies the overall framing system, member sizes, connections, and relationships.

31. Engineering Drawing

An engineering drawing is a technical drawing produced by structural engineers with precise dimensions, calculations and specifications related to the building’s structural design, analysis and detailing following relevant engineering codes.

Engineering Drawing
Engineering Drawing

32. Installation Drawings

Installation drawings provide clear instructions and details guiding the installation processes for prefabricated structural components or building systems manufactured off-site for easy assembly on the construction site as per design specifications.

Typical Installation Drawing
Installation Drawing https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/

MEP Drawings

33. Electrical drawings

Most residential construction drawings or commercial construction drawings require a functional outline of the number of power outlets, light fixtures, fan fixtures, etc. They also include the wiring pattern and details about the electrical load it can carry. Common details included in Electrical Drawings are:

  • Earthing layout
  • Light fixture layout
  • Generator and other equipment
  • Cable tray layout
  • Hazardous area classifications
  • Lighting protection system

    Electrical drawings
    Electrical drawings https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/

    34. Plumbing Drawings

Just like electrical layouts, plumbing is another part of any residential or commercial construction drawing that marks the points where plumbing components need to be set up. Space is left here accordingly for further pipe and sanitary ware fixtures to be added once the structural component is finished. Plumbing drawings commonly include:

  • Pipes – water pipes, drainage pipes, internal pipes
  • Material of pipes
  • Outlet points – taps, sinks, tanks etc
  • Position and location of pipes and outlets

    35. HVAC/Mechanical Drawings

These are known as mechanical construction drawings. They provide details and a design framework for heating and ventilation systems in a building. Central heating/cooling, air conditioning vents, ventilators, etc are all included according to the need and site of the building plans. Builders use these design constructs in their process accordingly.

Hospital Building HVAC Duct Design Layout Plan
HVAC Drawing https://thumb.cadbull.com/

36. Piping Spool Drawings

Piping spool drawings are detailed drawings focused on specific prefabricated sections of pipes called spools used in industrial piping systems. They show precise dimensions, connections, and routing of these spool sections.

37. Firefighting Drawings

In today’s construction systems, safety design is paramount. Firefight Drawings are also a part of blueprint drawings of a building that allocate points for fire hoses, fire escapes, water outlets, sandbags, or any other fire safety equipment required by the regulatory body overseeing the project.

Additional Drawing Types

38. Production Drawings

These Construction Drawings are used to convey functional information to the workers and engineers on site. It describes the materials, the assembly of various parts, the tools required, the dimensions, and other information required during the process. It may also include additional information or an infographic on how to meet those set requirements.

Production Drawings
Production Drawings https://miro.medium.com/


39. Environmental Plans

Making sure environmental guidelines and management is properly followed is a part of construction projects that cannot be overlooked. The aim is to minimize environmental damage and future negative impacts of the construction project. It includes measures like:

  • Chemical disposal mechanisms
  • Management of erosion and sedimentation
  • Outlining environmental guideline compliance measures
  • Measures to handle accidents and emergencies like fire

    40. Finishing Drawings

These include finer and more detailed plans of the building after the whole structural and architectural framework has been set up. These are required for the aesthetic and functional value of the building. These construction drawings include details of:

  • Tile patterns,
  • Floor patterns
  • False ceilings
  • Paint colors and textures
  • Plaster
  • Woodwork
  • Motifs and designs

41. Location Plan

A location plan is a simple drawing that shows the location of the construction project site about its surroundings like nearby roads, landmarks, neighborhoods etc. to help identify and access the site easily.

42. Shop Drawings / Fabrication Drawings

Shop drawings or fabrication drawings provide precise dimensions, details, and instructions from the manufacturers/suppliers for prefabricated construction components, materials, or equipment off-site before delivery to the construction site for installation.

Shop Drawings
Shop Drawings https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/

43. Scale Drawings

Scale drawings refer to any plans, sections, elevations, or detail drawings that are produced using precise measurement scales to represent actual dimensions accurately, allowing dimensions to be determined from the drawings reliably.

Scale Drawings
Scale Drawings https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/

44. Perspective Drawings

Perspective drawings are three-dimensional views or illustrations drawn to show depth and provide a view of the subject from a particular vantage point as it would appear to the human eye.

45. Working Drawings

Working drawings comprise the complete set of finalised technical drawings including plans, sections, elevations, and details issued to construction crews on site with all required information for executing the building construction work as per the design.

Working Drawings
Working Drawing https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/

46. Technical Drawings

Technical drawings are a general term encompassing all types of precise drawings used to convey technical or engineering information about an object, product, system or structure through illustrations, dimensions, notes, symbols, and conventions.

Technical Drawings
Technical Drawings

To get professional advice and assistance on your construction projects, contact us at Monarch Innovation for our host of BIM, Building Design, and Mechanical Engineering services.

Backed up by experience in this field, we would be happy to help you get insights, in-depth analysis, and coordinate your project plans to make the process hassle-free.


What are construction drawings?

Construction Drawings are a graphical representation of what will be built, how it will be laid out, the components, framework and dimensions. There is a construction drawing highlighting the details for every aspect of a construction project.

What are the different types of construction drawings?

Below are the set of basic drawings included in Construction drawings:
1. Elevation drawings – These drawings offer an overview of the individual components that make up the structure, plus the structure as a whole.
2. Sections – Sections are slices of the building, to showcase the inner dimensions.
3. Floor Plans – The rendering of each of the floors in a building, which lays out the rooms, the doors, the positioning of the stairs, windows, columns, kitchen, slabs, etc all in 1D. It helps one to understand the orientation of the rooms and other physical structures that make up the floor.
4. Details – As the name suggests, these are drawings that focus more on individual components of a building, in detail.

What are architectural construction drawings?

Architectural Construction Drawings are drawing work that is used in building drawings to depict the dimensions, depth and layout of the actual building, prior to beginning the construction. Architectural Drawings act as a blueprint construction, drawn to scale, to help the engineers visualize the project.

How to make construction drawings?

Construction drawings usually include a set of working drawings that cover different aspects of the project plan. These drawings usually comprise Elevation drawings, Floor Plans, Sections and Detail Drawings.

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