Referred to as a lifecycle BIM tool, Level of Development (LOD) is a set of industry standards that provides the AEC industry the power to document, articulate, and specify the Building Information Modeling (BIM) contents properly and clearly. It defines the content (i.e., the geometric information, structured data, and linked documents) and the reliability of BIM elements at different development stages of the construction project.
Level of Development vs Level of Details
Level of Development is often misunderstood as the Level of Details, but both are different from each other. Level of Details signifies the proportion of details enclosed within the element of the model. Whereas Level of Development is the degree to which the specification and geometry of the elements and the information attached to it have been thought through, or it can be referred to as the degree to which the team members involved may depend on the information while using the model. It may be said that Level of Detail serves as an input to the element, whereas Level of Development is the output.
Different Levels of Developments (LOD) in BIM
LOD 100 – It is the pre-designing stage of LOD. The LOD 100 element is a conceptual model where the parameters such as height, area, volume, orientation, and location are defined. The information in this stage is considered as an approximation.
LOD 200 – It is the schematic designing stage of LOD. The LOD 200 element displays geometric features such as shapes, dimensions, locations, etc. The level of complexity in LOD 200 is slightly more than that of LOD 100. It may also include some non-geometric information. The information at this stage is also considered as an approximation.
LOD 300 – It is the building design development stage of LOD. The graphical representations of LOD 300 may be the same as that of the graphical representation of LOD 200, but what makes it different from LOD 200 is that the geometry and features at this stage are considered accurate. The information at this stage can be used in the construction stage.
LOD 350 – It is the construction documentation stage. The information obtained in LOD 350 is the same as that obtained in LOD 300, but in this stage, the interfaces with other building components like connections and support are also included. It indicates the way the component can be installed and the way it interacts with the systems of other buildings.
LOD 400 – It is the construction stage of LOD. It includes details such as fabrication, assembly, and installation of the components. These details are of great use for the suppliers for manufacturing the components that are represented. It may also include non-visual information.
LOD 500 – It is the as-built stage of LOD. These are the fields that are verified in terms of shape, size, quantity, orientation, and location, which are considered to be accurate representations of the building elements post-construction. These elements can be used as references for operation and maintenance by the facility managers.
Benefits of Level of Development (LOD)
The level of development is a vital element in the overall BIM process. Without it, the members working on a construction project may face difficulties working on the same page leading to inconsistencies that can damage the prospect of that project. LOD makes communication and collaboration among the teams easier and faster. The LOD specification can be beneficial in the design process in the following ways:
With standardized specifications and detailed information about all the elements, designers can deliver guidelines and data for people working downstream to ensure that there are no lapses in execution and maintenance. LOD makes defining a standard easier for contractors to take care of BIM execution. Simultaneously, design managers can explain the necessities at various levels of the design process to the teams with ease.
LOD helps in making accurate BIM models. Concurrently, all the teams including the owners can specify accurately the level of detail they need from a BIM model and get clearance about the scope of the final BIM.
If you desire to have accurate and clash-free 3D models with Levels of Development stages from LOD 100 to 500 to enable the different construction teams involved in your construction project to articulate component geometry and information evolution, Monarch Innovation can be the right choice for you. It implements BIM projects for various construction tasks using Levels of Development from LOD 100 to 500 as per the needs and requirements. Contact Monarch Innovation to reduce your BIM risks with its LOD service.
The smart 3D modeling process gives the structural engineers all the necessary tools that they require for designing, detailing, documenting, and fabricating the structural systems within a building. The 3D model helps them to communicate with the stakeholders in an effective manner, check for interdisciplinary collisions, produce more accurate shop drawings, and make informed decisions regarding the whole construction procedure. In this article, we will go through some of the benefits that structural engineers get from BIM.
Accurate Shop Drawings – Numerous structural steel parts are prefabricated in an offsite climate-controlled factory location and assembled and then installed on-site. To prefabricate accurately and install them, Steel Shop Drawing Services are important. Shop Drawings contain diagrams, schedules, or other structural documents which provide specifications such as location, materials, dimensions, orientation, etc., which are necessary requirements for the manufacturers, fabricators, and onsite workers. Shop Drawings also help in tracking the steel components when large assemblies are concerned. The utilization of BIM for the extraction of Shop Drawings is very beneficial as it not only increases the accuracy but also facilitates quick modifications and increases productivity and speed.
4D Scheduling – One of the major benefits of Structural BIM is found with 4D BIM solutions. 4D BIM links the time-related information with the 3D models and enables the project managers to control the project timeline. They can ensure that the project is progressing according to its scheduled time and detect if there is any workflow clash. For example, if the delivery of the fabricated components is scheduled after the installation date, it becomes difficult to detect such errors as they can have a domino effect and disturb the whole project workflow and timeline.
Quantity-Take-offs – One of the most important parts of the construction process is the estimation of the materials and the cost. It is possible to extract the accurate cost estimation right from the project onset with the help of 5D BIM. In addition to that, the cost is related to the number of materials, and any change made in the quantity would directly result in a change in cost. BIM reduces the occurrence of manual error and ensures that the final cost is approximate to the expected overall cost.
Clash Detection – There might occur an interdisciplinary clash between the MEP (or architectural) components and structural components. For example, a steel beam could possibly occupy the same place as an HVAC pipe. If these clashes fail to be detected in the pre-construction stage but are detected after the prefabrication of MEP BIM and Structural components, then it can result in cost and time losses. With clash detection, these clashes can possibly be detected before the fabrication or construction takes place, and hence, the design can be rectified. This not only reduces the chances of onsite errors and rework but also money and resources.
One of the recent advancements in the AEC industry to increase its productivity is the Scan to BIM technology. The extensive use of the Scan to BIM process can be seen in renovation projects. With the help of laser scanning technology, data are derived which are used to develop productive 3D BIM models.
The companies who work on As-built projects, renovation, and refurbishment of old buildings depend on point cloud services. Rather than using the manual surveys using the measuring tapes, this technology implements the laser scanning process for mapping the buildings. These point cloud images (also referred to as scanned images) are registered and are converted into 3D Revit models or 2D CAD drawings. This process is termed as “Scan to BIM Modeling” or “Point Cloud to BIM Modeling“.
The Scan to BIM services finds its use in restoring heritage buildings, government buildings, old commercial or residential setups, and so on. These scans penetrate deeper with points and beams to detect walls, ducts, beams, or pipe batches in the geometry or outer paradigm of the building. On the basis of these scans, the point cloud BIM model is made to determine the look of the site post-construction, to extract the information and to plan the project phase, and so on. With the use of Point cloud BIM model technologies, the time consumption and cost are reduced to a greater extent.
Workflow of Scan to BIM Process
At first, Revit should be opened for including point cloud data in the Revit project.
Once Revit becomes accessible, the next step in the procedure is to convert the available scanned data into effective file formats.
Generally, convert raw scanned data is converted into point cloud files using Autodesk® ReCap.
During the indexing process, the raw scanned data should be transformed into appropriate cloud files.
After indexing, the raw scanned data is transformed into file formats like .rcp (Reality Capture Project File) format and .rcs (Reality Capture Scan files) format.
Soon after getting the .rcp and .rcs file formats, users can link the point cloud files within a Revit project.
Numerous .rcs files are included in an .rcp file.
The next task is to click on the ‘Insert tab’ first and then ‘Link Panel’. After that, the ‘Point cloud’ icon within the Link panel should be clicked on.
After selecting Point cloud, the files which should be linked to the project should be identified.
Depending on the requirement, either the .rcp extension file or the .rcs extension file can be selected.
In order to insert the file into the Revit Project, a Point Cloud tool should be used.
Once a suitable file is selected, then the next thing that should be focused on is how to position a file in the project.
A file can be positioned in the project either by selecting Auto-center to center option or by using an option among Auto – Origin to Origin, Auto – Origin to Last Placed, and Auto –By Shared Coordinates.
Once an effective file positioning option is chosen, then the point cloud file can be linked to the project by clicking on “open’.
Benefits of Point Cloud Scan to BIM
The benefits of point cloud laser scan to BIM in construction life cycle stages are :
Design building phase – In this phase of construction, the designers comprehend the site conditions in a suitable way with the help of an as-built model of the construction site and the surrounding buildings, enabling improved construction design decisions.
Construction stage – During construction, the point cloud laser scan to BIM can be helpful in locating any discrepancies between the as-built and as-designed models, which is further compared to the tolerance values as per relevant building codes and guidelines. The aspects such as Virtual Installation, Construction Safety Management, and Digital Reproduction are considered during the construction phase.
Virtual Installation – Virtual installation and assemblies, with the help of accurate as-built BIM models, help scan to BIM to determine the faults before installation.
Construction safety management – The scan to the BIM model can be helpful in improving the construction safety management, identifying the safety hazards, and finding out the ways in which safety can be ensured.
Digital reproduction – Several manual and ambiguous drawings are replaced by scans to BIM models that provide comprehensive 3D models digitally. Besides, this technique is responsible for the ability to visualize designs and modify them.
Facility management stage – The benefits of the scan to BIM Modelling can also be seen during building facility operations and facility management stages. The Point cloud Laser scan to BIM technology helps in better design documentation and functionality. The most fundamental application of scan to BIM technology is constituting complex geometries along with the building texture. Further, there is the execution of performance analysis of the building in order to improve building performance, energy consumption, and structural reliability.
Benefits of 3D BIM Scanning
Helps in improving transparency, communication, and collaboration
BIM model allows more reliability and quality assurance
Reduction in overall construction cost
Makes project alterations easy and assists in faster decision making
Ensures sustainability in the project
helps to minimize costly mistakes during construction
If you are interested in using Laser Scan to Building Information Modeling, Monarch Innovation should definitely be your first preference as it assures construction quality and time-saving, which eliminates frequent site visits. In addition to that, it improves project sustainability, evaluates project risks, minimizes the overall costs, and fosters collaboration. Contact Monarch Innovation for getting your work done with ease and utmost perfection.
BIM, an acronym for Building Information Modeling, is more than a technology, being a complex design and construction process, which helps in the creation of modern and innovative infrastructures. It is basically a digital and visual representation of information of a facility. It is the process of the creation and management of information in construction projects.
The 3D building model is one of the outputs of the BIM modeling which digitally represents all the aspects concerned before the actual construction of the building. Besides being a special construction software, BIM is an overall approach to design and plan a construction project.
BIM technology is used to make detailed 3D models of buildings. In the modeling stage, the architects experiment with the design and detect any issues before implementing their ideas to initiate the construction work. The information and ideas regarding the project are stored in a shared location where it becomes easily accessible for the architects, clients, and constructors. They usually use cloud-based software, which can be accessed from anywhere by anyone with secured permissions by connecting to the server. The constructors and architects construct the building with an established workflow in their minds. In addition to that, it becomes easier for them to visit the BIM model and workflow during the process and make the required adjustments whenever needed. After the completion of the structure, architects can hand the BIM model to the clients because the models can help in locating the HVAC systems or renovating the structure in the future.
Importance of BIM
BIM database improves collaboration among the teams involved and provides a store of architectural and design data which can greatly be used for 3D modeling and software simulations. These can be used for designing and structuring and gives room for the creative deployment of new materials and design concepts.
3D models can be used for design purposes and it makes the sharing of ideas with clients simpler. With 3D modeling, it becomes easier for individuals to view plans and visualize the final results without any prior or special architectural training. Nowadays, it has become easy to get a 3D model of any structure with the help of BIM before the construction work is initiated, as BIM creates them as an automatic part of the designing process.
BIM allows the architects, structural engineers, and builders to analyze information in the format required, without any duplication of the data. The design such as schedules, color-filled diagrams, drawings, and 3D models can be approached through databases without implementing any manual techniques.
Benefits of Building Information Modeling
Enhanced communication and teamwork
BIM framework ensures better teamwork, management, and sectioning sets of drawings that are usually impossible to understand through paper drawings. BIM allows uninterrupted interfacing with all the project areas. BIM framework such as the BIM 360 framework facilitates better project work distribution among the members involved and project planning management that makes it quite easier for the project stakeholders to understand.
BIM provides the construction cost estimates way before the beginning of the construction phase. Tools like BIM 360 Docs can be used to estimate costs that are related to materials and their shipping, shipping of prefabricated or modular pieces, and labor. BIM modeling can help in choosing more cost-effective materials, streamline the workflow of the construction, buy the materials at their lowest market price and reduce human errors which lead to delays in the project.
Construction project undergoes several modifications before the construction is carried out on the field. BIM makes it easier to monitor these modifications to return to an earlier design of the model if the new one is erroneous. This feature helps the project designers save their precious time as compared to the 2D drawings since there is no requirement of redrawing the designs again.
Visualization of the project
BIM offers tools that help in proper planning and clear visualization before the initiation of the construction work. 3D visualization and the simulation of the surface area help the client to get the post-construction visualization of the infrastructure thus facilitating easy modifications prior to the construction stage.
BIM provides easy and effective coordination among the various teams involved. It detects all the internal and external clashes and conflicts between any field. Software like Autodesk BIM 360 glue can be employed to prevent clashes through automated clash detection. Clash detection limits the number of repairs or reconstruction required.
Lowered risks and expenses
BIM helps a lot in lowering expenses. Good coordination with the contractors can reduce the cost of insurance, lower the number of generic versions and reduce the risk of claims. Reviewing the project at its preconstruction stage can reduce the number of unused material wastes. Most of the firms employ construction technology and BIM to reduce the overall risks and expenses.
Sequence and schedule
BIM technology help saves a lot of time by reducing the lifespan of the project cycle and avoiding any delays in the scheduling of the construction. It enables precise planning and improves collaboration which increases the chance of the completion of the project within the stipulated time.
Undoubtedly BIM is advantageous to both the construction industry and the business market. So, you can definitely prefer Monarch Innovation for the BIM modeling. Monarch Innovation provides you with the facility of automatic model checks and uses BIM data as a source of information. Monarch Innovation provides you with the tools that are needed to access, validate and use building information that helps you to meet your expectations with ease.
5D BIM (Building Information Modelling) is a highly effective system that helps plan and execute real construction through a digital look of a physical structure. It is an intelligent model-based process that connects AEC professionals so that they can design, build and operate buildings and infrastructure more efficiently. It goes further than just the building’s physical appearance and includes information about every component that goes into a project. This helps the designers, whether an architect, an engineer or a construction drawings professional, to create and design more efficiently as compared to other tools in the market today.
BIM is a process of creating information models formed of graphical and non-graphical information in a shared digital space known as a common data environment (CDE). The BIM process helps in planning the project stages, components, and construction expenses. When an information model is created, scheduling data can be added to different components generating accurate program data for the project, this is 4D BIM. The next step involves producing accurate cost estimates from the components of the information model, this process is termed 5D BIM.
BIM OBJECTS:- There are primarily two types of BIM objects –
Component: The component objects are mainly the building products that have fixed geometrical shapes such as windows, doors, boilers, etc.
Layered: The layered objects are the building products having no fixed shape or size such as roofing, walls, and ceilings.
BIM objects may be categorized under –
Generic: These objects, often referred to as library objects, are used during the beginning phase of designing as a visual expression for a specific object to be selected at a later stage.
Specific: These objects, often termed manufacturer objects, are used to represent a manufacturer’s specific products.
BIM objects are available in a range of file formats that are suitable for use in software like Bentley ACEOsim, Graphisoft ArchiCAD, Revit Architecture, and Nemetschek Vectorworks.
There are certain places where one can expect the availability of BIM objects. NBS National BIM Library is one of the library sites where one can find BIM objects. It serves as an online environment that is created to store BIM model files. In the case of the NBS National BIM Library, all BIM objects are authorized to NBS standards. It ensures the user is able to select and use BIM objects that are compatible across all the working platforms.
5D BIM modeling, 5-dimensional Building Information Modeling, is the extraction or development of a valued parametric building model within a virtual model. It visualizes a project that consists of budgetary and cost considerations associated with the project. It is a five-dimensional plan showing the physical and functional aspects of any project. 5D BIM technology allows the involvement of more people in the conversation from the onset instead of working in isolation waiting to provide information about their piece of the project when it is time. It automatically generates accurate data and estimates costs for construction projects. 5D is productive in all aspects of the construction industry but the ones who are most benefited from this extra dimension are the project managers.
5D technology involves the extraction of quantities from the BIM model and aims to help the site team to manage the material resources based on the master project schedule. The extracted quantities are later used to generate a material management sheet. The sheet aids in extracting exact quantities of the materials based on the master project schedule. The team can extract the material quantity from any given time frame in the project cycle. It really helps in the reduction of the project waste since there will be no material dumping required on-site and an exact quantity of material can be ordered.
5D Macro BIM is the artistic form of design with the strategic function of a building’s architecture, and also increases transparency in the process. With 5D Macro BIM, one can easily model, design, and implement creative design concepts, clever exterior finishes, innovation layouts, uniquely shaped and aligned departments and floors in varying sizes. 5D Macro BIM modeling allows every element from square footage to pricing, timing, layouts, and more to be conceptualized. Using a BIM in the 5D approach allows a strong vision to crystalize early in the process so that a building’s element and detail align with big picture goals. Under the proper guidance of a full project team and estimation experts, owners can come up with informed decisions and be confident of getting the right facilities. It allows for greater participation in the design process. It has been very helpful in healthcare construction settings because it delivers more nuanced insights to owners to balance a facility function, cost, and ease of use for patients and visitors. For Example, A hospital in Texas wanted three different departments to be located on the ground floor. Designers easily clicked and dragged color-coded sections of the designs to denote each department, shrinking or enlarging them based on the suggestions. These changes produced real-time shifts in the projected cost. For example, Korte designers helped the owner of a new healthcare facility in North Carolina to decide how to maximize finite resources by isolating individual floors in the design to examine the varying costs. This proved to be helpful in minimizing expenses in some places to allow more investment in others.
BIM software can affect the construction management process powerfully when it comes to cost-related information. With its aid, data connected to cost care are updated continuously with the progress of the project, i.e, the cost is dynamically evolved and readjusted rather than being solely defined at the beginning of the project. This makes it easier for the project managers to keep a track of the changes while keeping the project running within the agreed budget. It may be successful in improving cost prediction and resource management.
BENEFITS OF BIM
It improves onsite collaboration and communication. BIM association with several designing tools like Autodesk’s BIM 360 enables it to be smoother across different areas in the project. With cloud-based tools such as Autodesk’s BIM 360, Its ecosystem allows the team to share project models and coordinate planning, ensuring all design stakeholders have insight into the project. With cloud access, there’s no inconvenience to take the office to the field. With apps such as Autodesk’s BIM 360 tools, drawings and models can be viewed onsite on their devices, ensuring they have access to up-to-date project information at any time.
Model-based cost information – Including estimators earlier in the planning stage allows for more effective construction cost estimation that leads to the growth of model-based cost estimating. Using BIM tools such as Autodesk’s Revit reduces time consumption and allows estimators to focus on higher-value factors like identifying construction assemblies and factoring risks.
Visualization of projects in preconstruction – By using BIM, one can plan and visualize the entire project before the construction work is initiated. Space use simulations and 3D visualizations give an idea of how space will look like and also offers the ability to make changes before the construction work is initiated.
It increases productivity and prefabrication. It can be used to generate production drawings and databases for manufacturing purposes, allowing for prefabrication and modular technology uses. By designing, detailing, and building offsite in a controlled environment, one can diminish waste, increase efficiency, and reduce labor and material costs.
It can improve construction safety by highlighting the dangers before they act as problems and avoid physical risk by visualizing and planning site logistics beforehand.
It helps in the reduction of the amount of rework needed on a given job by avoiding clashes. One gets the opportunity of planning things in a proper manner to avoid last-minute changes.
BENEFITS OF 5D BIM
More accuracy and efficiency- decreases manual efforts with evaluating assets and computing costs while additionally reducing errors.
Gain complete control over project cost estimates and budget.
With 5D BIM, it becomes easier to recognize, evaluate and record any changes made in the models.
Saves time- provides shorter execution life cycles and saves time from documentation to material costs with accurate data unnecessary wastage and clashes are eliminated leading to shorter project execution life cycle.
A better understanding of the project design and cost drivers. The project team will have a concise and accurate description of scope costs and budgets.
Frees cost managers from tedious and time-consuming manual qualification.
Will also allow engineers and architects to experiment with innovative workplace design.
5D BIM makes maintenance operations easier and increases gross productivity.
Helps in predicting the rough life of the building and analyzing which materials in the building could be used after demolition.
It enhances collaboration between teams involved in construction.
Detailed quantity takeoffs- as estimators spend most of their time in creating quantity takeoffs, 5D implementation paves the way for automation of the development of quantity take-offs. This helps in saving time which can be used by estimators in several areas like generating pricing models or accessing financial risks.
BIM allows all the stakeholders to work on a single model from various locations and devices. All skateboarders can work simultaneously and make changes together to augment the collaboration process.
BENEFITS OF 5D MACRO BIM
BIM allows all the stakeholders to work on a single model from various locations and devices. All skateboarders can work simultaneously and make changes together to augment the collaboration process.
Macro BIM features allow individual investors and real estate developers to evaluate the practicality and costs of building the project on a construction site.
Macro BIM focuses on construction site requirements and large-scale building massing. The value of macro bim models accrues over time and across projects using the large data sets that are increasingly available.
WHAT DOES BIM MEAN FOR THE COST MANAGERS?
5D BIM is a strong tool for cost managers. It adds much more flexibility to work and improves their
decision making process. 5D cost managers have the benefit of re-estimating the developing design for
infinite times and can give feedback accordingly on the estimated variances and corrective suggestions.
Cost managers can very quickly determine the quantity of a particular component, applying rates to several quantities to provide an overall estimate for the package.
Cost managers can forecast estimations and update design teams with feedback for various project stages. As cost managers have an in-depth view of what items needed to go onsite, material logistics can be planned accordingly. 5D cost estimation helps cost managers to get precise construction costs and estimates. It also provides shorter project cycles and saves construction time.
Data connected to costs are continuously updated as the project progresses. This 5D BIM makes.
project managers to monitor changes while keeping the project running within the agreed budget. This can improve cost predictability and resource management. Applications supporting BIM in android and ios will help contractors designers and the AEC industry, in general, to constantly keep a check on the developing designs of the model and apply corrections immediately creating a better commutation with the skateboarders of the project involved. The cost estimation will allow clients to visualize the impact of changes in the design and timeline on project costs. This will help reduce delivery time, enhance quality control, eliminate budget overruns and add significant value to a project.
Monarch Innovation has been fulfilled the needs of the construction industry with customized and standard solutions irrespective of size and project status whether residential, industrial retail, healthcare, or education. Contact Us for more information.
MEP drawings, in the construction industry, is a discipline of civil engineering that focuses on building safety, working, and energy-efficient structures. MEP refers to the mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems which mainly serve as the backbone to the construction works. The Mechanical part of MEP concentrates on the heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems (HVAC system), the Electrical part of this discipline refers to the power supply and the Plumbing part focuses on the water supply and wastewater drainage. Revit MEP, AutoCAD, CADDUCT, Autodesk Inventor, and CAD PIPE are mainly used for preparing these drawings.
MEP drawing construction serves as a visual means of communicating how its components should be constructed and how they are going to function. They are widely used for sharing ideas across the construction industry. To make coordination drawings more convincing and to minimize perplexity, expert CAD drawing and drafting companies use familiar notation systems and units of measurement. Detailed MEP drawings help in the installation of the ductworks, plumbing, piping, electrical conduits, and fire protection piping such that the routing of each system does not interfere with each other. Every building’s MEP drawing set is unique, generated after the installation of the building design documents.
Different Types Of MEP Drawing:-
These drawings are designed for penetrants, i.e, for mechanical, electrical, plumbing, and structural items that pass through an opening in a wall or floor, such as electrical conduits, electrical cables, pipes, ducting, and cable trays. Sizing of all openings needs to be done with accuracy as they create a space between the surroundings and penetrants. Therefore, communication between the team members is very important to ensure proper sizing of the openings before these works are carried out. Any changes to these drawings cannot be brought into effect if the penetration works in the building have been finished. Therefore, these drawings need to be well approved with great clearance so that the chances of errors are omitted.
MEP Shop Drawing Detailing
This is done for dimensioning, elevation and annotations. They are created before the initiation of the construction work of a project. These drawings offer an increased level of details for fabrication and installation. Some components may require prefabrication including ductworks, air-handling units, and custom piping connections between equipment and building sites. The accuracy of the final dimensions is taken into consideration from shop drawings instead of the design details and layout drawings. Shop drawings are very important for the exemplification of the true image of a construction project. The design needs to be approved by the construction team and after getting the consent, the shop drawings help in determining how the construction process is carried out. Shop drawings can be used to detect any inconsistency before field installation.
Block-out and Sleeve Drawing
These drawings are useful for cement and steel contractors. The drawings are of great help when it is concerned with where to leave space on the floor and ceiling cutouts. Sleeve drawings are used to make sure that the holes left between the floors and the walls are properly placed for piping and ductwork.
Pipe Spool Drawing
A spool is an assembly of pipes and is concerned with the components that can be pre-fabricated in the workshop for installation and shipped to the site afterward for assembling. These drawings act as a guide to the plumbers to figure out what needs to be done. The spools are connected at different junctions throughout any concerned structure. The drawings are optimized to convey all the information that is essential for the fabricators to manufacture and assemble the spool accurately. Spool drawing is obtained after collecting the complete information of all parts welded together into a single drawing.
Coordination is very important for the success of any building project. It simply means avoiding physical conflicts in the layout of the equipment and the routing of ducts, electrical piping, and drainage pipes through the building. When any building project has intense MEP requirements, the risk of interference problems is high. Elimination of coordination problems is a prerequisite for starting the construction work for projects with an intense MEP system. Coordination drawings are necessary to begin the construction work and eliminate any physical conflicts.
As-built drawings are made after the construction of the building has been finished. They are used to depict on the paper how the building has been constructed. As a matter of fact, as-built drawings are used to make a comparison between what was the planned construction and how the construction has been made in the end. As-built drawings are used to determine the difference between the pre-development and post-development of a building. They are issued to the clients after the project works are wound up. They include everything from the structure to the installation and their details. They are important from the perspective of the client and allow them to survey the product. The as-built drawings play a vital role if there’s any requirement for conducting repair or refurbishment works in the building. After the construction of the building, the as-built drawings can be referred to as shop drawings since they contain in-depth information about the structure of the building. MEP drawings include an accurate representation of designs and assembly instructions. Thus, detailing helps the fabricators, manufacturers, and contractors in getting a clear picture of what is to be supplied and built. These drawings can be used to refer to if there is any fault in the workshop and to detect the exact location to be repaired. In fact, if any component is delivered in damaged condition or goes missing, these original drawing sets can be referred to by the contractors and a substitute can be ordered. This also helps in determining the estimated cost of the components, type of material, and installation techniques beforehand, which minimizes the wastage of time, labor, and overstocking as well. Any precise shop drawings speak for themselves and as a consequence, there is a rapid increase in the brand value.
Contact us for all your MEP BIM Services requirements, we at Monarch Innovation are happy to help.
What is one thing modern architects and designers are giving up entirely? The answer is mechanical drawing and drafting skills. It is no doubt the 21st century, and we are living and breathing technology. Digitalization and software skills are ruling the roost for efficiency and adaptability.
However, what any good architect or senior associate with let you know is that communication is the bedrock of your design, apart from the foundations that you draw for your building of course. As young mechanical artists, most of the students have rarely, if ever drawn by hand. Computer and iPads having drawing and visualization software and versatile stylus have made it even easier to have designed on your digital fingertips.
What we have to consider as emerging Architects is that without hand drafting skills and practice, one is missing out on the tactile education that integrates design, elevations, angles and visualization skills into our subconscious mind.
Picture a scenario where you are in a meeting with a potential client in the Mechanical Design outsourcing company you work in. They have an idea in mind while you have some modification in your head, and both of you need to communicate the visual aspects of the design to reach a middle ground. And most of all, this is a crucial point where you can gain your client’s trust in your designing aptitude and eye for detail. In such a situation, you can quickly sketch out a draft of the visual in your head, giving a view from 2-3 angles, detailing the important components that the client was trying to understand, and negotiating all minor changes in the design that pops up on both your and the client’s head while looking at the sketch. This is not something you could have achieved with a moment’s notice on mechanical design software. Nor is it something that software can reproduce to give you credibility and value in your client’s eye. Your individuality and visualization power stand out when you draft a design by hand.
The Drawback in Computer-Aided Mechanical Designing
A computer can never replace the raw conceptualization and communication that an architect can render by hand. A computer-aided program like AutoCAD or mechanical CAD design services does make the design workflow easier and more detailed, but it makes the architect lose out on their integral drawing skill. Since any computer-aided mechanical drafting software can make it easy to integrate changes or load templates, it is easy to give in to the comfort of not having to conceptualize and draw a design by hand. The designer loses their credibility.
Hand drafting is one of the quickest and surest ways to learn line drawing, understand perspectives, scale and establish a meaningful relationship with the creation you made on paper. Drawing by hand, feeling the hand flow around the paper, giving angles, shading, appreciating the space and scale without the luxury of scrolling out of frame. None of these is possible with computer-aided designing.
Emerging Architects and young intern architects should learn to appreciate and comprehend the basics that go into the building of a whole project. Starting small from drawing and understanding sectional drawings, elevations and sketching to pen down ideas is a great way to integrate design principles into the mind. Have you ever noticed how engineers or architects tend to draw at the back of an envelop or the back of the rough paper to explain small designs or concepts to others? This just shows how natural it feels to the brain to communicate design by hand.
One of the most important skills one needs in this trade is the ability to solve problems. When working in teams and peers, a young architect might not be able to develop their comprehension and conveying skills like their previous generation of architects. What computer-aided drafting software might not teach you is how to look at any object and instantly visualize and render it from all sides, elevations, sections and details.
Reasons why Mechanical Drafting is Important
Not just the technical skill of being able to draft mechanical drawings, engineers and architects are also taught communication of concepts by hand. Here is a breakdown of the technical and psychological reasons that drawing by hand should continue being an important part of the learning curve for young interns and emerging architects:
Sketching/Drafting is a form of graphical representation that teach skills and service needs that are not developed when using computer-aided drafting entirely
Drawing/Drafting is still the most preferred form of representing external data by senior associates and architects. The reason for it can be further understood as:
Diagrams preserve geographical and topographical information. It allows us to easily index and labels information that can help in the computation process
Mechanical drafts are able to group multiple subgroups of information into a single diagram and visual. It helps to understand the correlation of elements in the drawing and knowing how it will join to form the larger picture after computerization instead of leaving it entirely on the software itself.
Diagrams can use a large amount of perceptual information, that cannot be understood in detail if rendered directly on the software
Drawing is a basic cognitive capability that an architect requires for mental stimulation, representation of data that he sees on a daily basis, externalizing the visual imagery that pops up in their mind when asked to think up solutions to a construction project.
Mechanical drafting is required so that an architect can render the idea in their head to an external memory medium too. Transforming hand-drawn drafts into CAD design requires one to know the basics of how line drawing and scaling works. The cognitive skills or process underuse when drawing a line by hand is different than rendering a line on AutoCAD or other drafting software.
Mechanical Drafting showcases the concept and cognitive ability of an architect, which is independent of their drawing’s characteristics. It builds trust in themselves and their clients when they can determine the design features required to bring an idea to life on paper, or later on a mechanical drafting software.
There is evidence in the research done, the experience and success stories of senior architects and designers, as well as in cognitive psychology that drawing by hand is important in shaping a sound, skillful and ready-to-take-on-challenges architect.
Drawings have always been the ideal way of representing data and components in any building or design process. And it cannot be denied that it plays an important role in the design process.
Mechanical drawings are the window to an Architect’s soul. It forms the basis of their problem-solving abilities and their communication powers. No matter how technology eases life ahead, any upcoming architect needs to be grounded to their roots of handmade mechanical drawings.
To know more about Construction Drawings, As-built drawings, their types, and uses, read our other blogs for the same. And if you have an upcoming construction project that you want to be streamlined, Contact us at Monarch Innovation. Our suite of BIM solutions and our professional team of Engineers and Designers will take on the challenge and deliver it within your desired budget.
There is rarely ever a situation where the blueprint drawings on paper match the real-world structure exactly the way it was designed. As-Built drawings reflect the actual structure or space that gets built.
As-Built drawings are drawing records that reflect the changes made during the entire construction process of a project. They say a picture speaks a thousand words – And in any construction project, there is no better way of keeping updated track of the multiple parallel steps than As-Built drawings.
According to Business Dictionary, As-Builts are a “revised set of drawings that reflect all changes made in the specifications and working drawings during the construction process. It shows the exact dimensions, geometry and location of all elements of the work completed under the contract.”
These drawings are usually addressed by the contractor at the end of the project. As-Built drawings are an essential component in the lifecycle of the project but they tend to get overlooked until the very end because way too many steps and changes need to be recorded. This might lead to lapses in the final project looking exactly like how it was initially planned to be.
In this article we get into the details of why As-Built drawings are important, who designs them, who can manage and access the data, how should they be utilized, and what are effective strategies to make the best use of As-Built drawings in the construction industry.
For more knowledge and professional guidance on how to set up and manage your As-Built plans for your construction project, reach out to us at Monarch Innovation.
Who are As-Built drawings created by?
The architects and designers who are responsible for the framework and detailing of the entire project are best equipped to create As-Built drawings. Once created and maintained by architects/designers, it is then managed by the contractor on site. It makes sure that the construction drawings and resources do not merely exist in the original blueprints drafted, but beyond the lifespan of the project too.
Even if ownership of the project changes or the set of employees are replaced in the duration of the project, the As-Built drawings help in getting familiar and keeping track of the progress in the plans. Any future modifications or new construction can be continued on top of the work already accomplished.
What do As-Built drawings need to include?
There is no standard on what should be the expected output of an As-Built plan. It varies in the eyes of various contractors depending on the expectations they have from the data in the As-Built construction. To make the progress on the project clear and useful, As-Builts can include certain details such as:
Record the scale measurements used in original drawing constructions, and further changes made to it, if any.
Include changes made to length, dimensions, orientations, fabrications or location of any component of the construction process
Making note of the date when changes are made
Making note of any obstacles in the execution of original blueprints, and what was the solution made in place of it
Include original shop drawings and record any changes made to them
Any additional work done on the project that is extra to the originally planned drawing construction
Why are As-Built Drawings important in the Construction Industry?
As-Built construction plans are important at each step of the way and to each of the shareholder in the process from start to end. Here’s how:
Contractors require As-Built drawings to record the transition from one phase of the construction to the next. They can then visualize the steps needed to take further, and issue actions to the workers accordingly.
If obstacles or issues occur during the construction process, As-Builts can be referred to identify the last step and resolve it
If constantly being updated, As-Built drawings help identify a foreseeable complication and can be resolved before they happen.
Owners or clients of the property can refer to the As-Built documentation to check for the installations or designs being included, and ask to modify them if they face any issue with it.
Property buyers need As-Built drawings to understand what exactly they are buying or selling. They can also use it as the basis of any future renovations and installations.
The renovation process is made easy when the detail of what is already done is available. It saves expense incurred in learning about the existing setup before making additional changes.
Traditional vs. BIM As-Built Construction
The traditional method of maintaining As-Built drawings lacked coordination and precision updates from the different segments working on the project at the same time. This lead to delays in communication as well as fragmented management.
The major problem faced in the traditional method was the rework that needed to be done each time to update the data. This delay led to disruption in the flow of communication between different phases of the work which further led to an increase in overhead costs and time. This was also one of the reasons why As-Built drawings were usually overlooked until after the project had already taken the final shape.
In comes BIM (Building Information Modelling) and construction management software. They effectively overcome most of these problems while providing additional features and advantages to As-Built construction.
Workflows can now be automated and pre-scheduled, and multiple workflows visualized at a time
Collaborations are made easier between different professionals overlooking different aspects of the project.
Better and richer quality As-Built data can be uploaded, stored and accessed simultaneously through cloud-based systems.
BIM visualization can identify the clash in spatial orientations beforehand, which saves the waste of traditional documentation
Clients can get a visual tour of the entire project even while it is getting built, identifying issues and pointing out changes they need in real-time.
Different teams can work together and make qualitative decisions based on the date easily accessed to everyone simultaneously, saving time and overhead cost
Good construction management software help the project reach completion faster and in a more sustainable manner
How to improve your As-Built Construction Strategy?
Here are a few guidelines to keep in mind for the most effective use and construction of As-Built drawings:
Set up As-Built systems before construction begins, not at the end –
This will allow an integrated space for simultaneous data capture, storage, editing and distribution right from the time the project starts.
It also allows teams to upload and digitally access different sets of data in real-time from various devices and at different times, without having to wait to get back to the office to make field documentation.
Make the team understand the importance of As-Builts –
A work culture of understanding why data capture and storage is significant needs to be created before the project starts. How to create As-Builts, the steps followed along the way, contractor expectations and end-goals should also be discussed and implemented.
Go deep with the data –
Technology like Laser scanning, BIM visualization, O&M software should be exploited to the full extent for making As-Builts. The more capture of data, the better. This helps the team get deeper insights into data, resolve issues before they occur, and reach the goals faster and in a more cohesive manner.
Monarch Innovation has been serving clients for 11+ years in the construction and building design service sector. Trust us to serve you best when it comes to BIM or construction-based guidance and management required for your current project. Consult our professionals to know the best strategy and tools that fit your goals and budget.
Who prepares as built drawings?
The architects and designers who are responsible for the framework and detailing of the entire project are best equipped to create As-Built drawings. Once created and maintained by architects/designers, it is then managed by the contractor on site.
What is as built drawings in construction?
As-Built drawings are drawing records that reflect the changes made during the entire construction process of a project. They say a picture speaks a thousand words – And in any construction project, there is no better way of keeping updated track of the multiple parallel steps than As-Built drawings.
How to make as built drawings?
BIM (Building Information Modelling) and construction management software. They effectively overcome most of these problems while providing additional features and advantages to As-Built construction. There is no standard on what should be the expected output of an As-Built plan.
Construction drawings are used for a wide variety of reasons and applications in construction and architectural projects and activities.
What is a construction drawing?
It is a graphical representation of what will be built, how it will be laid out, the components, framework, and dimensions. There is a construction drawing highlighting the details for every aspect of a construction project.
Construction Drawings including each of its subtypes are helpful to different groups of workforce assigned with doing or overlooking the various tasks that make up a construction project.
How are construction drawings made?
Rarely are construction plans drawn by hand anymore. They are either sketched and rendered using computer-aided drafting such as computer-aided design (CAD) software. And in recent times, Building Information Modeling (BIM) software has made it easy to render and visualize in detail the virtual construction models (VCM).
To know more about BIM services, budgeting, and how they can benefit your project, reach out to us at Monarch Innovation for all queries, assistance, and collaborations.
Top 10 most common types of Construction drawings use regularly in construction industries.
1. Block Plan
This drawing gives a layout of the site or the buildings in the surrounding area, laid out on a map drawn to scale.
It gives a firsthand idea of the roads, boundaries and other such details that are necessary to understand where your construction site lies.
It helps the person dealing with your construction plan or project request to understand what and where you are proposing it and help you out with it too.
Block plans are made in relation to Ordnance Survey Maps and the recommended scales used are 1:2500, 1:1250 or 1:500.
2. Architectural Drawings
Architectural Drawings are drawing work that is used in building drawings to depict the dimensions, depth, and layout of the actual building, prior to beginning the construction. Architectural Drawings act as a blueprint construction, drawn to scale, to help the engineers visualize the project.
Various types of Architectural Drawings commonly used are:
Foundation plan – not to be mistaken for just the ground or basement floor plan. Foundation Plans are drawing work to render any of the floors of the building being constructed. They help visualize the dimension, size, shape, height and configuration of rooms/stairs/landings with each other.
Floor plans – in-depth rendering of the layout of the rooms for each floor. It describes in 2D the orientation of rooms and components to each other. Floor plans may or may not be utilized in commercial or non-commercial building projects, but it is necessarily still made as part of the drawing work.
Sectional Drawings – these are drawings that depict a part or whole of the framework in sliced form. It helps understand the measurements of various building components with each other, the materials used in the construction of those components, the height, depth, and hollowness, etc.
Elevation Drawings – these architectural drawings offer an aesthetic overview of the various components of the building such as columns, windows, and doorframes. It also helps understand the relative surface, internal markings, and relative height of these different components to each other.
3. Production Drawings
These Construction Drawings are used to convey functional information to the workers and engineers on site. It describes the materials, the assembly of various parts, the tools required, the dimensions, and other information required during the process. It may also include additional information or an infographic on how to meet those set requirements.
4. Structural Drawings
Structural Drawings also serve as civil engineering drawings. They are useful in understanding the physical nitty-gritty of a building framework. They act as a structural design guide for the workers and on-site engineers. Common types of structural drawings are:
General Note – an overview of all the codes, procedures, and abbreviations, etc required to give a comprehensive guide to getting to work on the construction site. This includes concrete mix, details for other structural drawings, lengths and construction types of each component, etc.
Excavation Drawing – this civil engineering drawing describes the dimensions and positions for the excavation process prior to the actual building work. It covers details like tunneling, shafts, removal of soil, grid plans, etc required to start the groundwork.
Column Layouts – These structural drawings include the layouts of the way columns will be laid out. It makes it easier for contractors to plan the layout of the building and start the process by identifying the position and distance between columns across the floor.
Beam Layouts – It includes all the beam-like structures, such as the ones supporting the roof and the windows, or the beams used for strengthening purposes. They are designed for each floor and cover the length, height, material, etc.
Roof slab layouts – this civil engineering drawing describes the exact dimensions of all the slabs required for roofs or slants. It can be designed over AutoCAD software as it requires precision and data.
5. Electrical drawings
Most residential construction drawings or commercial construction drawings require a functional outline of the number of power outlets, light fixtures, fan fixtures, etc. They also include the wiring pattern and details about the electrical load it can carry. Common details included in Electrical Drawings are:
Light fixture layout
Generator and other equipment
Cable tray layout
Hazardous area classifications
Lighting protection system
6. Plumbing Drawings
Just like electrical layouts, plumbing is another part of any residential or commercial construction drawing that marks the points where plumbing components need to be set up. Space is left here accordingly for further pipe and sanitary ware fixtures to be added once the structural component is finished. Plumbing drawings commonly include:
These are known as mechanical construction drawings. They provide details and a design framework for heating and ventilation systems in a building. Central heating/cooling, air conditioning vents, ventilators, etc are all included according to the need and site of the building plans. Builders use these design constructs in their process accordingly.
8. Firefighting Drawings
In today’s construction systems, safety design is paramount. Firefight Drawings are also a part of blueprint drawings of a building that allocate points for fire hoses, fire escapes, water outlets, sandbags, or any other fire safety equipment required by the regulatory body overseeing the project.
9. Environmental Plans
Making sure environmental guidelines and management is properly followed is a part of construction projects that cannot be overlooked. The aim is to minimize environmental damage and future negative impacts of the construction project. It includes measures like:
Measures to handle accidents and emergencies like fire
10. Finishing Drawings
These include finer and more detailed plans of the building after the whole structural and architectural framework has been set up. These are required for the aesthetic and functional value of the building. These construction drawings include details of:
Backed up by experience in this field, we would be happy to help you get insights, in-depth analysis, and coordinate your project plans to make the process hassle-free.
What are construction drawings?
Construction Drawings are a graphical representation of what will be built, how it will be laid out, the components, framework and dimensions. There is a construction drawing highlighting the details for every aspect of a construction project.
What are the different types of construction drawings?
Below are the set of basic drawings included in Construction drawings: 1. Elevation drawings – These drawings offer an overview of the individual components that make up the structure, plus the structure as a whole. 2. Sections – Sections are slices of the building, to showcase the inner dimensions. 3. Floor Plans – The rendering of each of the floors in a building, which lays out the rooms, the doors, the positioning of the stairs, windows, columns, kitchen, slabs, etc all in 1D. It helps one to understand the orientation of the rooms and other physical structures that make up the floor. 4. Details – As the name suggests, these are drawings that focus more on individual components of a building, in detail.
What are architectural construction drawings?
Architectural Construction Drawings are drawing work that is used in building drawings to depict the dimensions, depth and layout of the actual building, prior to beginning the construction. Architectural Drawings act as a blueprint construction, drawn to scale, to help the engineers visualize the project.
How to make construction drawings?
Construction drawings usually include a set of working drawings that cover different aspects of the project plan. These drawings usually comprise Elevation drawings, Floor Plans, Sections and Detail Drawings.